AUTHOR(S): Dr. Eung-Kwon Pae, DDS, MSc, PhD
AUDIENCE: Dentists, Dental Hygienists, Dental Assistants
ABSTRACT: Obstructive Sleep Apnea (OSA) is a complex disease believed to occur in relation to other conditions, such as obesity and modern sedentary lifestyle. In spite of decades of research, our understanding of the etiology of OSA is still limited, and no treatment modality has been discovered yet that aids in every type of case. Overall, this article reviews the most current findings on the pathophysiology of OSA, along with a summary of its clinical symptoms, as well as comparisons between adults and children diagnosed with OSA. Moreover, it also discusses one of the most recent concerns in the field—metabolic dysfunctions—as a comorbid sequelae of OSA.
- To understand the most recent findings on the pathophysiology of OSA.
- To be familiar with the signs and symptoms of OSA, along with the side effects after it has been diagnosed.
- To understand the differences of pathophysiology and symptoms of OSA between adults and children.
- To understand how diabetes is a common comorbidity of sleep apnea.
- To recognize the roles of dental professionals in the diagnosis and treatment of OSA.
CE ACTIVITY: Self-Instructional
NUMBER OF CREDITS: 2
PUBLISH DATE: October 26, 2012
EXPIRATION DATE: October 26, 2015
COURSE CONTENT: The information and opinions contained in this CE course are those of the author, and do not necessarily reflect the views of The Richmond Institute for Continuing Dental Education, or its affiliates. Any brand or product name mentioned throughout this course should not be inferred as an endorsement of any kind by the aforementioned parties. In addition, The Richmond Institute does not warrant or make any representations concerning the accuracy or reliability of the materials on this website, or any site(s) that are linked to: www.richmondinstitute.com.
CONFLICT OF INTEREST: Dr. Eung-Kwon Pae, DDS, MSc, PhD does not have a financial arrangement or affiliation with any corporate organization offering financial support or grant monies for this continuing dental education program, nor do they have a financial interest in any commercial product(s) or service(s) they discuss in this program. The Richmond Institute for Continuing Dental Education is a division of Young Innovations, Inc. It is dedicated to ensuring that its continuing dental education programs are intended for the sole purpose of education and do not serve as an endorsement for any product(s) or service(s), including those of the sponsoring company.
FEEDBACK AND QUESTIONS: After the course has been completed, an evaluation form will be emailed to the user to provide valuable feedback on the information just presented. If you have additional feedback, questions for the author, or need technical assistance please email firstname.lastname@example.org.
SCORING: To earn credit for completing a course from The Richmond Institute for Continuing Dental Education, participants must earn an overall score of 80% or above on the associated exam before receiving a certificate that confirms CE accreditation. (*NOTE: There is no limit to the number of times a participant may re-take the exam in order to obtain this passing score). All courses that are published on this site are categorized as self-instructional—which means participants must complete the course on their own time and submit the accurate payment in order to earn CE credit.
PAYMENT POLICY: As of October 1, 2011, participants must pay online before taking the exam for any course listed on this website to receive verification of CE credit. No other form of payment will be accepted. Expenses must be paid with a valid credit card; acceptable forms include: Visa, MasterCard, Discover, or American Express. The Richmond Institute can only accept payments from individuals who live and/or practice in the United States or select U.S. Territories. Course material may not be resold or republished for any commercial purposes acknowledgement from The Richmond Institute.
CANCELLATION/REFUND POLICY: All courses purchased from this website are final and non-refundable.
STATE REGULATIONS: It is the responsibility of the participant to adhere to all laws and regulations set forth by the state that he or she is licensed to practice in. The Richmond Institute and its authors are not responsible for the participants’ use or misuse of the techniques and procedures discussed in this course.
LIMITED KNOWLEDGE RISK: The information provided in this course may not be comprehensive enough for implementation into professional dental practice. It is highly recommended that additional information be attained once the course is completed to establish greater proficiency on the topic at hand.
The Richmond Institute for Continuing Dental Education is an ADA CERP Recognized Provider. ADA CERP is a service of the American Dental Association to assist dental professionals in identifying quality providers of continuing dental education. ADA CERP does not approve or endorse individual courses or instructors, nor does it imply acceptance of credit hours by boards of dentistry. Concerns or complaints about a CE provider may be directed to the provider or to ADA CERP at www.ada.org/goto/cerp.